Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 m, all within a distance of 150 kim resulting into climatic conditions from sub-tropical to Asrctic.
Nepal occupying only 0.1% of the total landmass of the earth is home to:
* 2% of all the flowering plants in the world
* 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than species)
* 4% of mammals of earth
* 11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than species)
* 600 indigenous plant families
* 319 species of exotic orchids
Area: 147,181 sq. km
Location: Situated between China in the northand India in the south, east and west
Population: 25.8 million
People: Nepal has more than 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages.
Language: Nepaliis the national language; traveltrade people understand and speak English as well.
Religion: Nepal is a secular state with a predominance of Hindu and Buddhist population.
Currency: Nepal Rupee (approximately US$ 1 equals Rs. 98.08 as of October 2013)
Political System: Federal Democratic Republic
Climate: Nepal has four major seasons (1) Winter: December-February, (2) Spring: March-May, (3) Summer: June-August, (4) Autumn: September-November. Monsoons are from June till mid September. Nepal can be visited the whole your round.
What to Wear: Light weight clothing is recommended from May through October. Warm garments are required in October-March. An umbrella or a raincoat is a must for the rainy season